Wheeze causes

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Wheeze Microchapters


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Differentiating Wheeze from other Conditions

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor-In-Chief: John Fani Srour, M.D.


Common Causes

The most common causes in clinical practice are:

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Cardiac asthma (pulmonary edema), Cardiomegaly, Descending aortic aneurysm, Pulmonary edema, Pulmonary embolism, Right sided aortic arch, Vascular compression/ rings, Heart failure
Chemical / poisoning Dialyzer hypersensitivity syndrome, Food allergies, Peanut Allergy, Chemical poisoning
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect Aztreonam, ACE inhibitors, Acetylcysteine, Adenosine, Aspirin, Aztreonam, Beta blockers, Cefpodoxime, Dexchlorpheniramine, Dipyridamole, Dextran, Ivacaftor, Loratadine, Marijuana , Medication-induced bronchoconstriction, NSAIDs, Oprelvekin, Pentamidine Isethionate, Pramipexole, Protamine, Ramucirumab, Sacrosidase, Sotalol, Tobramycin, trichophyton mentagrophytes and trichophyton rubrum
Ear Nose Throat Aspiration (foreign particles or foods), Bilateral vocal cord paralysis, Hypertrophied tonsils, Intrathoracic goiter, Laryngeal edema, Laryngocele, Laryngostenosis, Laryngotracheobronchitis, Mobile supraglottic soft tissue, Paroxysmal vocal cord motion, Postextubation granuloma, Postlobectomy bronchial torsion, Postnasal drip syndrome, Post-radiation stenosis, Retropharyngeal abscess, Supraglottitis, Vocal cord dysfunction, Vocal cord hematoma, Sinusitis
Endocrine Intrathoracic goiter, Obesity
Environmental asthma, Byssinosis, Hay fever
Gastroenterologic Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Genetic Cystic fibrosis, Milk allergy, Obesity, Primary ciliary dyskinesia, Vascular compression/rings, Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency, Ciliary dyskinesia-bronchiectasis
Hematologic Lymphadenopathy
Iatrogenic Aspiration (foreign particles or foods), Esophageal foreign body, Mendelson's syndrome (aspiration pneumonitis)
Infectious Disease Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, Cold induced wheezing, Bronchitis, Bronchiolitis, pneumonia, Lymphadenopathy, Retropharyngeal abscess, Tuberculosis, Ascariasis, Hookworm, Paragonimiases - lung infection, Strongyloidiasis, Toxocariasis, Aspergillosis
Musculoskeletal / Ortho Cricoarytenoid arthritis
Neurologic No underlying causes
Nutritional / Metabolic Obesity
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic Carcinoid syndrome, Lymphadenopathy, Lymphangitic carcinomatosis, Malignancy (bronchogenic tumors), Bronchial adenomata syndrome, Mastocytosis
Opthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose / Toxicity chemical poisoning
Psychiatric Psychogenic wheezing
Pulmonary Bronchiectasis, Bronchiolitis, Bronchiolitis obliterans, Bronchitis, Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, Carcinoid syndrome, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Chronic bronchitis and Emphysema, Cold induced wheezing, Cystic fibrosis, Pulmonary hemorrhage, pneumonia, Interstitial lung disease, Postlobectomy bronchial torsion, Postradiation stenosis, Primary ciliary dyskinesia, Pulmonary edema, Pulmonary embolism, Tracheal stenosis, Tracheobronchitis, Tracheobronchomegaly, Tracheomalacia, Wegener's granulomatosis, Pulmonary eosinophilia, Tuberculosis, Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency, Extrinsic allergic alveolitis, Bronchial adenomata syndrome, Ciliary dyskinesia-bronchiectasis, Tracheobronchopathia osteoplastica, Aspergillosis
Renal / Electrolyte No underlying causes
Rheum / Immune / Allergy Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, Anaphylaxis, Angioedema, Asthma, Cricoarytenoid arthritis, Immunodeficiency, Interstitial lung disease, Lymphadenopathy, Milk allergy, Relapsing polychondritis, Wegener's granulomatosis, Pulmonary eosinophilia, Extrinsic allergic alveolitis, Graft-versus-host disease, Hay fever, Mastocytosis
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma No underlying causes
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous Amyloid deposition, Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica

Causes in Alphabetical Order


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