The tibia or shin bone, in human anatomy, is found medial (towards the middle) and anterior (towards the front) to the other such bone, the fibula. It is the second-longest bone in the human body, the largest being the femur. The tibia articulates with the femur and patella superiorly, the fibula laterally and with the ankle inferiorly.
In the male, its direction is vertical, and parallel with the bone of the opposite side, but in the female it has a slightly oblique direction downward and lateralward, to compensate for the greater obliquity of the femur.
It is prismoid in form, expanded above, where it enters into the knee-joint, contracted in the lower third, and again enlarged but to a lesser extent below.
The tibia derives its arterial blood supply from two sources:
Bones of the right leg. Anterior surface.
Bones of the right leg. Posterior surface.
Right knee-joint. Posterior view.
Right knee-joint, from the front, showing interior ligaments.
Left knee-joint from behind, showing interior ligaments.
Sagittal section of right knee-joint.
Capsule of right knee-joint (distended). Lateral aspect.
Capsule of right knee-joint (distended). Posterior aspect.
Capsule of left talocrura articulation (distended). Lateral aspect.
Coronal section through right talocrural and talocalcaneal joints.
Oblique section of left intertarsal and tarsometatarsal articulations, showing the synovial cavities.
Cross-section through middle of leg.
- Articulations between the tibia and fibula
- Bone terminology
- Terms for anatomical location
- Ossification of tibia
- Upper extremity of tibia
- Body of tibia
- Lower extremity of tibia
- Shin Splints
ca:Tíbia cs:Holenní kost de:Tibia (Wirbeltiere) eo:Tibio it:Tibia (osso) he:שוקה la:Tibia (os) lt:Blauzdikaulis nl:Scheenbeen no:Tibia nn:Tibia sl:Golenica fi:Sääriluu sv:Skenben tl:Lulod uk:Великогомілкова кістка Template:Jb1 Template:WH Template:WikiDoc Sources