Pulmonary edema primary prevention
Pulmonary edema Microchapters
Pulmonary edema primary prevention On the Web
Effective measures for the primary prevention of cardiogenic pulmonary edema include maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoid tobacco, treat dyslipidemia, low salt diet, controlling hypertension, avoid cardiotoxic agents, controling diabetes. Effective measures for the primary prevention of high-altitude pulmonary edema include, encourage healthy lifestyle and exercise, gradual ascent, preacclimization, avoiding alcohol ingestion, high carbohydrate in diet, adequate hydration, vigorous exertion during the first few days at high altitude, oxygen enrichment.
Cardiogenic pulmonary edmea
Cardiogenic pulmonary edema is due to heart-related illnesses. Primary prevention include:
- Maintaining a healthy lifestyle
- Avoid tobacco
- Treat dyslipidemia
- Low salt diet
- Controlling hypertension
- Avoid cardiotoxic agents
- Controling diabetes
Consider additional measures in selected patients:
- Administer ACE-I if history of myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome and reduced ejection fraction to prevent symptoms and reduce mortality
- Administer beta-blockers if history of myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome and reduced ejection fraction to reduce mortality
- Administer statins if history of myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrometo prevent symptoms
- Consider ICD placement to prevent sudden death if one of the following:
Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema
- High-altitude pulmonary edema
- Effective measures for the primary prevention of altitude sickness include:
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
- For more information about primary intervention in acute respiratory distress syndrome click here.
- Ware LB, Matthay MA (December 2005). "Clinical practice. Acute pulmonary edema". N. Engl. J. Med. 353 (26): 2788–96. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp052699. PMID 16382065.
- Taylor AT (January 2011). "High-altitude illnesses: physiology, risk factors, prevention, and treatment". Rambam Maimonides Med J. 2 (1): e0022. doi:10.5041/RMMJ.10022. PMC 3678789. PMID 23908794.
- Murdoch D (March 2010). "Altitude sickness". BMJ Clin Evid. 2010. PMC 2907615. PMID 21718562.