Chest pain primary prevention
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- Achieve and maintain normal weight (BMI < 25 kg/m2) by eating healthy diet focusing on adequate nutrient intake and energy balance recommendations from the American Heart Association (AHA).
- Control high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes.
- Maintain LDL < 100 mg/dl, HDL > 50 mg/dl, and triglyceride levels < 150 mg/dl through diet and exercise. Pharmacologic agents can be used as necessary.
- Avoid cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke.
- Eat a diet low in saturated and hydrogenated fats and cholesterol, and high in starches, fiber, fruits, and vegetables.
- Get at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise on most days of the week, fitness and increasing exercise capacity, one can decrease risk that may result in up to a 35% reduction in CHD.
- Reduce stress.
- Turk MW, Tuite PK, Burke LE (2009). "Cardiac health: primary prevention of heart disease in women". Nurs Clin North Am. 44 (3): 315–25. doi:10.1016/j.cnur.2009.06.001. PMC 3459312. PMID 19683093.
- American Heart Association Nutrition Committee. Lichtenstein AH, Appel LJ, Brands M, Carnethon M, Daniels S; et al. (2006). "Diet and lifestyle recommendations revision 2006: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Nutrition Committee". Circulation. 114 (1): 82–96. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.176158. PMID 16785338.
- Mosca L, Banka CL, Benjamin EJ, Berra K, Bushnell C, Dolor RJ; et al. (2007). "Evidence-based guidelines for cardiovascular disease prevention in women: 2007 update". Circulation. 115 (11): 1481–501. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.181546. PMID 17309915.
- Thompson PD, Buchner D, Pina IL, Balady GJ, Williams MA, Marcus BH; et al. (2003). "Exercise and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: a statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology (Subcommittee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention) and the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Subcommittee on Physical Activity)". Circulation. 107 (24): 3109–16. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000075572.40158.77. PMID 12821592.