Acute respiratory distress syndrome causes
Acute respiratory distress syndrome Microchapters
Acute respiratory distress syndrome causes On the Web
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ARDS may be caused by either direct or indirect insults to the lung. Common causes of ARDS include pneumonia, sepsis, aspiration of gastric contents, and transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI).
Life Threatening Causes
ARDS is a life-threatening condition and must be treated as such irrespective of the causes. Life-threatening conditions may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.
- Direct insult
- Pneumonia (bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic)
- Aspiration of of gastric contents
- Inhalational injury (e.g., smoke inhalation, toxic gas inhalation)
- Fat embolism
- Amniotic fluid embolism
- Pulmonary contusion
- Alveolar hemorrhage
- Reperfusion (pleural effusion drainage, embolectomy)
- Lung transplantation
- Ventilator-associated lung injury
- Indirect insult:
Causes by Organ System
Causes in Alphabetical Order
- Pepe PE, Potkin RT, Reus DH, Hudson LD, Carrico CJ (1982). "Clinical predictors of the adult respiratory distress syndrome". Am J Surg. 144 (1): 124–30. PMID 7091520.
- The ARDS Definition Task Force*. “Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: The Berlin Definition.” JAMA 307, no. 23 (June 20, 2012): 2526–33. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.5669.
- Wheeler, Arthur P., and Gordon R. Bernard. “Acute Lung Injury and the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Clinical Review.” Lancet (London, England) 369, no. 9572 (May 5, 2007): 1553–64. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60604-7.
- Sweeney, Rob Mac, and Daniel F. McAuley. “Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.” Lancet (London, England), April 28, 2016. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00578-X.
- Fowler, A. A., R. F. Hamman, J. T. Good, K. N. Benson, M. Baird, D. J. Eberle, T. L. Petty, and T. M. Hyers. “Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Risk with Common Predispositions.” Annals of Internal Medicine 98, no. 5 Pt 1 (May 1983): 593–97.
- de Prost N, Mekontso-Dessap A, Valeyrie-Allanore L, Van Nhieu JT, Duong TA, Chosidow O; et al. (2014). "Acute respiratory failure in patients with toxic epidermal necrolysis: clinical features and factors associated with mechanical ventilation". Crit Care Med. 42 (1): 118–28. doi:10.1097/CCM.0b013e31829eb94f. PMID 23989174.